Sun-In Lee & Eric J Topol –

Clinicians frequently use conditional reasoning for treatment decisions by envisioning potential outcomes for patients. This is counterfactual thinking, exploring “what if” scenarios. Developments in generative artificial intelligence (AI) enable us to simulate this patient-level reasoning at the data level, opening new opportunities for science and health care. We term this approach counterfactual AI.

Read the full article in The Lancet.