Constance D Lehman & Eric Topol –

One area that has attracted great attention for the use of deep learning artificial intelligence (AI) in health care is medical imaging, especially mammography. Many initial AI studies proclaimed remarkable improvement in accuracy over the performance of radiologists, but a recent systematic review highlighted there is insufficient scientific evidence to support such findings. The UK National Screening Committee commissioned Freeman and colleagues to review the quality and results of studies that assessed the accuracy of AI algorithms, alone or in combination with radiologists, to detect cancer in digital mammograms; 34 of 36 AI systems evaluated were less accurate than a single radiologist, and all were less accurate than the consensus of two or more radiologists.

Read the full article in The Lancet.